Farm and Ranch Windmill Service LLC
are so efficient and durable, the basic design
hasn't changed in almost 150 years. The secret
lies in the way a windmill harnesses the wind's
energy to power an ingenious water pump located
Farm and Ranch Windmills
The power of the
wind is captured by the windmill and harnessed in two steps.
Each step is easy to identify by simply
observing a windmill in action.
First, notice how
the fan turns. A windmill captures the energy of
the wind with the large, circular fan, or
"wheel", located at the top of the tower. When
the wind blows, the fan rotates. This turning
motion is so commonplace that it's
easily taken for granted. But don't. This is
where the free energy of the wind is captured.
Second, look just
below the turning wheel and notice a long rod
moving up and down. This "sucker rod", is
powered by the windmill's motor. This windmill motor is a
unique set of mechanical gears that converts the
rotary motion of the wheel into a reciprocating
(up and down) motion that powers the cylinder
pump located deep underground.
A water well is a
small-diameter hole drilled into the earth's
crust that fills up with water. As the well is
drilled, it passes through various underground
layers of sand and gravel, and extends into an
aquifer, or underground water-bearing formation.
Once the well is
drilled to the proper depth, the well wall is
reinforced and perforated to allow water from
the surrounding aquifer to seep into the well.
Gravity causes the water to rise to the level of
the underground water table.
A sealed "drop
pipe" is then inserted into the well until its
lower end is fully immersed in the well water.